What Is Rest Value Duration And Dotted Rest Value In Music?

Lesson 8 - Rest Value & Rest Duration

Read about the rest value in music or rest duration that can be used to introduce a period of silence in a musical composition.

What is rest duration or rest value in music?

A rest duration is an interval of silence in the musical composition.

Here are the symbols that represent the rest duration.

Rest Value or rest duration symbols
Rest Value or rest duration symbols

Each rest symbol indicates a silence or rest value equal to corresponding note value.

Following rest value chart displays the relationship between a rest symbol and note value of all the musical notes.

Let us understand the rest value using a short example.

What is rest value in music?
What is rest value in music?

Explanation:

In the above example, the first measure has quarter rests on the second and the fourth beats. Therefore, you may not hear the treble notes on the second and the fourth beat.

In the second measure, the bass part has a whole note rest. Therefore, the bass part will be silent for entire measure consisting four beats. The treble part has the eighth rest on the second beat. Therefore, the treble part remains silent equal to an eighth note duration.

In the third measure, the bass part has a half note rest. Therefore, the bass part will be silent for the third and the fourth beat. The treble part has the sixteenth rest in the first beat. Therefore, the treble part remains silent equal to an sixteenth note duration.

Note: The single beat is counted as [1ae&] to accommodate all the notes in a sixteenth note phrase.

What is dotted rest?

A dot placed after the rest symbol increases the duration of the rest by half of its value.

A dotted rest value is uncommon in music theory. However, it may be used for showing rest duration in compound meters like 6/8 or 12/8 time signatures.

Now the question is:

How can we alter the duration of the musical notes to represent complex note duration or rests?

Thanks for reading my 78th article in the series 100-day music blogging challenge. Stay tuned for more lessons.

100 Days Music Blogging Challenge Music Theory Lessons

Author: Bharat

Hi, I'm Bharat. An artist, blogger, musician and digital marketing professional dedicated to sharing musing and stories about music, art and mindful resonance! Follow me @bharatpc

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